Ways to volunteer varies a lot and no study has targeted yet how cultural factors may impact the effective volunteering actions after a disaster. People can take part in practical onsite actions, or donate blood, but they can also help out through technological tools, such as raising money via SMS, crowdfunding campaigns, crisis mapping, information sharing or translating (Cadwell & O'Brien 2016). During the 1st Citizen Summit held in Bucharest, a participant described his willingness to help others by specifically training and advising them on how to use social media for information gathering in disaster situations. Men and women were reported to volunteer in different ways, as women turn to actions related to social aspects and men are more likely to go for rescue missions and building reconstruction efforts (Denlay & Shrader 2000).
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Cultural Factors: Gender roles