Prior negative experiences influence perceptions of future risks depending on the severity of personal consequences of the former
However, Wachinger and colleagues (Wachinger, Renn, Begg, & Kuhlicke, 2013) reported also on studies in which negative experiences were inversely associated with perceived risk. If people did not suffer much from the particular negative experience and they estimate that such a bad event is unlikely to happen again soon, they perceive risk as being lower. Therefore, for the effect of experience on risk perception, the mere fact that the event happened is not particularly important; the key is the severity of the personal consequences (Wachinger et al., 2013).
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Disaster Phases: Prevention
Types of Actors Concerned: Non-active citizens