People perceive human interference with nature as negative, regardless of its purpose
In a study conducted by Rozin (2005), participants rated the “naturalness” of different natural entities before and after they underwent some physical or chemical transformation (for example, freezing, genetic engineering, and mixing with other entities). Results of this study showed that people systematically preferred the entity that was exposed to a lesser number of transformations, even when adding transformations meant giving back the naturalness to the entity (Rozin, 2005). In other words, this study showed that people tend to perceive the interference with nature as negative, regardless of the purpose of that interference. Hence, the preference for natural hazards observed in previous studies might be the consequence of people perceiving man-made hazards as more immoral (Rudski et al., 2011; Siegrist & Sutterlin, 2014).
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Hazards: Natural hazards
Types of Actors Concerned: Non-active citizens