The media's influence on individuals who are directly involved in disaster events
It has been shown that media content has a stronger influence on people who were not directly involved in any disastrous event compared to victims of previous disasters (Wachinger et al., 2013). It is believed that this kind of indirect experience can increase people's preparedness, at least at some level (Wachinger et al., 2013).
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Cultural Factors: Attitudes toward the media