The concept of risk society and positioning of risks within institutional settings and structures of society is not sufficient. As Scott Lash presents, the concept of risk cultures can be seen as a response (Lash, 2000). He argues that risk cultures are “value-disordered, horizontally destructured, and communally based” (Lash, 2000, p. 50). In other words, while in the conception of risk society risk is normatively ordered and vertically structured risk cultures “presume not a determinate ordering, but a reflexive and indeterminate disordering” (Lash, 2000, p. 47). This point is very important for understanding the difference between the two concepts of risks, but also for recognizing the fact that risk cultures emerge within the risk society.
Note: See source document for full reference.
Cultural Factors: Norms/values
Types of Actors Concerned: Non-active citizens, National civil protection body, Local authorities, Active citizens, Entrepreneurs, Media, Government, National research bodies, Red Cross, NGOs, Military, Law enforcement agencies, Healthcare and emergency services, European Civil Protection Mechanism, UN and other international organisations, All types of actors