Culture influences empowerment processes per se. According to the scholar Robert A. White (communication and development expert), "A deeper issue are the cultural values which see minorities such as women as not capable of making a contribution. Thus, the new movements seek to 'empower' themselves by re-signifying the meaning of gender, youth, race, ethnicity and region as key actors in the development process and therefore as worthy of access to resources."
Note: See source document for full reference.
Types of Actors Concerned: Non-active citizens