A participatory approach can be further facilitated by an "active citizenship", and, more specifically, by the increasing number of organized citizens who work to strengthen the public service sphere. Such increase seems to characterize many among the considered cases (e.g., Augustenborg/Malmo-SE, Cumbria/Northern England-UK, Badia/South Tyrol-IT), but it is explicitly mentioned only in those of Doncaster-UK and East Salford-UK.
Note: See source document for full reference.
Cultural Factors: Density of active citizenship
Hazards: Natural hazards
Types of Actors Concerned: Active citizens