Empowerment emerging from relationships in particular places and organisations
Empowerment “emerg[es] from relationships in particular places and organisations”, such as in families, churches or neighbourhoods. Culture is also manifested in these and other places and spaces. Scaling this principle up, beyond the citizen and the community, empowerment is also determined, shaped and controlled by institutions, law and policy and national government. The empowerment of citizens and communities in disaster situations is dependent on the socio-cultural context of all entities involved in disaster management, as well as being dependent on personal strengths and capacities.