Capacity building and training in DRR


The training, or capacity building dimension of DRR, is an important one in relation to culture and empowerment. Before the 1990s, risk reduction took a top-down, technical and “expert” oriented approach that involved national civil protection and emergency management authorities almost exclusively. Since then, citizens and communities have become a more central focus of capacity building, as public authorities acknowledged that a top-down approach was not influencing behaviour enough. The relatively new approach instead aims at “reinforcing a form of resilience that citizens could enact on their own”. The UN Hyogo Framework of 2005 outlined this ethos, as follows: “disasters can be substantially reduced if people are well informed and motivated to adopt a culture of disaster prevention and resilience”. Again, this shift from an “expert” imposed model to one that gives citizens more power over their own livelihoods would appear to be a more culture-centric one that mitigates disaster impact, whilst appreciating differences amongst citizens. Strong social capital is also an important factor for the development of resilience in communities.

Note: See source document for full reference.

Applicable to:

Cultural Factors: Norms/values, Livelihoods, Educational system

Hazards: Natural hazards, Man-made non-intentional hazards or emergency situations, Man-made intentional hazards

Disaster Phases: Preparedness, Prevention

Types of Actors Concerned: National civil protection body, Local authorities, Non-active citizens, Red Cross, Healthcare and emergency services, European Civil Protection Mechanism, UN and other international organisations