Long-term disaster effects in the perception of threats


For example, it has been shown that increased risk perceptions following the experience of natural disasters such as a tornado do not have a long-term effect on optimism and perceived vulnerability (Suls, Rose, Windschitl, & Smith, 2013). On the other hand, some man-made disasters such as nuclear accidents do lead to more stable pessimistic changes in the perception of threat (Dolinski, Gromski, & Zawisza, 1987).

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