Natural disasters encourage solidarity while technological disasters create a rigid community
If the risk is perceived as human-caused, it provokes tendencies to aggression and social/political action (Bohm & Pfister, 2000). This is in line with studies showing that blame, mutual recrimination, and conflict are the most often consequences of man-made disasters (Freudenburg, 1997; Furedi, 2007). In other words, while natural disasters often lead to solidarity, “technological disasters help create a corrosive community” (Furedi, 2007).
Note: See source document for full reference.
Cultural Factors: Norms/values
Disaster Phases: Response
Types of Actors Concerned: Non-active citizens