Participatory planning processes in disaster management


An intensive partnership between citizens and authorities should involve a continuous and dynamic planning process, such as in the municipality of Timmendorfer Strand-DE, with the development of public participation instruments and with a history of previous plans behind (such as the local climate change action plan of Tatabánya-HU). Participatory planning processes also characterize almost all the cases identified outside Europe. It also worth underlining that even planning processes that are not participatory "per se" can in any case facilitate an empowerment process since, almost always they contain tools aiming at strengthen citizens' capacities (through awareness raising, drills, etc.). One such a case is that of the Municipality of Florence-IT.

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